Here are some common sewing terms /abbreviations you might see in patterns and what they mean.
RSO = Right Side Out
RST = Right Sides Together
RSU = Right Side Up
WST = Wrong Sides together
Back stitching – to help secure what you are sewing, you can take 2-5 ‘backstitches’ with your sewing machine at the start and end of your project. It just means reverse stitching for 2-5 stitches, then sew over the top so there are 2 layers of stitching.
Seam allowance – alot of primitive patterns have allowed for extra inches, usually only 1/4 inch, for doll clothes. That means that when you sew, you can use a 1/4 to allow for the seams, so the clothes will fit properly. With the doll part of the pattern, most of them are “trace and sew” method.
Trace and sew method – a common practice in primitive doll patterns, it means that you trace on the line of the doll body/parts and sew ON the line. So the actual size is what you trace – no seam allowance needed.
Clipping curves – to help avoid puckering you want to clip INSIDE curves – on dolls hands/ankles, neck areas, on dresses (underarms) and in ‘loons.
Pivoting – to allow you to easily manuveur your project while sewing, you keep your sewing needle ‘down’ in the fabric, lift the presser foot and turn the fabric. This is helpful for sewing curves, just go slow and pause to lift the foot and turn your fabric. Make sure your needle is down in the fabric so it doesn’t move.
Topstitching – a decorative way to show stitches on top of your fabric. Can be used for details on Angel wings, on dresses, pockets, etc. you can use a fancy machine stitch or straight stitch.
Tutorial by Cindy of www.homespunfromtheheart.com