Weed is a versatile plant, offering numerous varieties of cannabis strains that provide unique experiences with every puff. Though many users may not be aware of it, reliable scientific evidence can be found to legitimize the effects of certain strains. By understanding the science behind different cannabis strains, users can attain the most out of their next marijuana experience by carefully selecting the perfect strain for their desired outcomes. This article dives deeper into the science behind the effects of different cannabis strains.
1. Indica Vs. Sativa
The two main classifications of cannabis are indica and sativa plants. Generally speaking, indica strains are thought to be sedative, while sativa strains are thought to stimulate. That’s because indica and sativa plants contain different chemical compositions that lead to different effects. Indica plants tend to be high in myrcene and caryophyllene. Myrcene is associated with sedative and analgesic (pain-relieving) effects, while caryophyllene is known for its anti-inflammatory qualities.
On the other hand, sativa strains are usually high in the cannabinoid THC and terpenes pinene and limonene. THC provides stimulating, energetic effects, pinene is linked to alertness and limonene has anti-anxiety properties.
There are a variety of different indica and sativa strains out there, so try to choose the best one for your needs – for example, you can learn more about black truffle cannabis strain here.
2. Cannabinoid Composition
In addition to terpene profiles, the cannabinoid composition of cannabis strains can also have an impact on the effects users experience. Cannabis is made up of hundreds of different cannabinoids, but the two that are most studied and commonly discussed are THC and CBD.
THC is the ingredient in cannabis known to produce a high, while CBD is sought after for its potential health benefits. Indica and sativa plants both contain varying levels of these cannabinoids.
Some strains can have more CBD than THC, while others may contain a larger concentration of THC. Ultimately, the THC to CBD ratio of each strain should be taken into account when choosing a cannabis strain.
3. The Environment In Which It Grows
In addition to the scientific elements embedded in each individual strain, the cultivation environment should also be taken into account. Temperature, humidity, and light exposure can play a role in dictating which of the strain’s terpenes will become more prevalent, thereby altering the mellow, stimulating, or medicinal effects. So, when selecting a specific strain, be sure to factor in the environment it’s grown in.
Another factor to consider when choosing a strain is the genetic makeup of the plant itself. Different cannabis genetics can lead to highly variable effects on users, even if two strains have similar terpene and cannabinoid levels. Indica and sativa genetics help create very different highs, so it’s important to take into account the genetics of a strain before making a purchase.
5. Grower Experience
When shopping for cannabis, reading strain reviews from other users can be a great way to get an idea of what to expect. When looking at reviews, it’s important to also consider the reputation of the breeder who created the strain, as conflicts in nomenclature and inconsistencies in breeding processes can lead to different effects depending on who’s producing the strain.
In other words, a strain created by one breeder may be drastically different than the same strain created by a different breeder.
6. Your Tolerance
Finally, personal tolerance should be taken into consideration when choosing cannabis strains. Everyone’s body and mind reacts differently to cannabis, so what works for one person may not work for another. Experienced users may be able to handle higher doses of THC, while beginners should start with lower amounts.
Users should always gauge the effects of each strain on their own body in order to choose the best one for their needs.
The science behind cannabis strains can be a helpful tool in guiding users to choose the best one for their desired outcome. Every strain is different and factors such as indica/sativa composition, terpene profile, cannabinoid content, genetics, cultivation environment, and personal tolerance should all be taken into consideration. By analyzing the science behind different strains, users can make an informed decision about which one might best suit their needs.